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The 12th International Conference on Substorms

Edited by: Kazuo Shiokawa, Masaki Fujimoto, Olaf Amm, Mei-Ching H. Fok

This special issue presents papers from the ICS-12 (the 12th International Conference on Substorms) that broadly address various aspects of substorms, i.e., substorm processes in the tail, interaction between the tail and the inner magnetosphere and ionosphere, substorm currents and their dynamics, and the role of substorms in geospace energetics, as well as the role of MHD and kinetic instabilities in substorms. Other substorm-related research topics are also presented, such as the storm-substorm relationship, ULF/ELF/VLF waves, and non-Earth substorm-like features.

Publication started: 27 June 2015
Publication finished: 24 May 2016

  1. Full paper

    Latitudinal dependence on the frequency of Pi2 pulsations near the plasmapause using THEMIS satellites and Asian-Oceanian SuperDARN radars

    We herein describe a harmonic Pi2 wave that started at 09:12 UT on August 19, 2010, with data that were obtained simultaneously at 19:00–20:00 MLT by three mid-latitude Asian-Oceanian Super Dual Auroral Radar ...

    Mariko Teramoto, Nozomu Nishitani, Yukitoshi Nishimura and Tsutomu Nagatsuma

    Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:22

    Published on: 17 February 2016

  2. FULL PAPER

    The AUTUMNX magnetometer meridian chain in Québec, Canada

    The AUTUMNX magnetometer array consists of 10 THEMIS-class ground-based magnetometers deployed to form a meridian chain on the eastern coast of Hudson Bay in eastern Canada, a second partial chain one hour of ...

    Martin Connors, Ian Schofield, Kyle Reiter, Peter J. Chi, Kathryn M. Rowe and Christopher T. Russell

    Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:2

    Published on: 7 January 2016

  3. FULL PAPER

    The February 24, 2010 substorm: a refined view involving a pseudobreakup/expansive phase/poleward boundary intensification sequence

    A substorm on February 24, 2010 was chosen for study by Connors et al. (Geophys. Res. Lett. 41:4449–4455, 2014) due to simple symmetric subauroral magnetic perturbations observed in North America. It was shown...

    Martin Connors, Christopher T. Russell, Xiangning Chu and Robert L. McPherron

    Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:195

    Published on: 3 December 2015

  4. Full paper

    Eastward-expanding auroral surges observed in the post-midnight sector during a multiple-onset substorm

    We present three eastward-expanding auroral surge (EEAS) events that were observed intermittently at intervals of about 15 min in the post-midnight sector (01:55–02:40 MLT) by all-sky imagers and magnetometers...

    Yoshimasa Tanaka, Yasunobu Ogawa, Akira Kadokura, Noora Partamies, Daniel Whiter, Carl-Fredrik Enell, Urban Brändström, Tima Sergienko, Björn Gustavsson, Alexander Kozlovsky, Hiroshi Miyaoka and Akimasa Yoshikawa

    Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:182

    Published on: 9 November 2015

  5. Letter

    Problems with mapping the auroral oval and magnetospheric substorms

    Accurate mapping of the auroral oval into the equatorial plane is critical for the analysis of aurora and substorm dynamics. Comparison of ion pressure values measured at low altitudes by Defense Meteorologica...

    E. E. Antonova, V. G. Vorobjev, I. P. Kirpichev, O. I. Yagodkina and M. V. Stepanova

    Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:166

    Published on: 12 October 2015

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:188

  6. Full paper

    Inverting magnetic meridian data using nonlinear optimization

    A nonlinear optimization algorithm coupled with a model of auroral current systems allows derivation of physical parameters from data and is the basis of a new inversion technique. We refer to this technique a...

    Martin Connors and Gordon Rostoker

    Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:155

    Published on: 17 September 2015

  7. FULL PAPER

    Further evidence for the role of magnetotail current shape in substorm initiation

    Substorm initiation still remains an unsolved problem, even though there is a consensus among most researchers that its main stages include dayside reconnection and substorm expansion. Dayside reconnection res...

    M. Kubyshkina, N. Tsyganenko, V. Semenov, D. Kubyshkina, N. Partamies and E. Gordeev

    Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:139

    Published on: 28 August 2015

  8. LETTER

    Reconnection and interchange instability in the near magnetotail

    This paper provides insights into the possible coupling between reconnection and interchange/ballooning in the magnetotail related to substorms and flow bursts. The results presented are largely based on recen...

    Joachim Birn, Yi-Hsin Liu, William Daughton, Michael Hesse and Karl Schindler

    Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:110

    Published on: 16 July 2015

  9. Full paper

    Relativistic electron acceleration during HILDCAA events: are precursor CIR magnetic storms important?

    We present a comparative study of high-intensity long-duration continuous AE activity (HILDCAA) events, both isolated and those occurring in the “recovery phase” of geomagnetic storms induced by corotating int...

    Rajkumar Hajra, Bruce T Tsurutani, Ezequiel Echer, Walter D Gonzalez, Christiano Garnett Marques Brum, Luis Eduardo Antunes Vieira and Ondrej Santolik

    Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:109

    Published on: 7 July 2015