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Implications for GMO-cultivation and monitoring

Dr Gunther Schmidt, Prof Winfried Schröder

  1. Research

    Transcriptome and metabolome analysis of liver and kidneys of rats chronically fed NK603 Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maize

    A previous 2-year rat feeding trial assessing potential toxicity of NK603 Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maize revealed blood and urine biochemical changes indicative of liver and kidney pathology. In a...

    Robin Mesnage, Matthew Arno, Gilles-Eric Séralini and Michael N. Antoniou

    Environmental Sciences Europe 2017 29:6

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  2. Review

    Herbicide resistance and biodiversity: agronomic and environmental aspects of genetically modified herbicide-resistant plants

    Farmland biodiversity is an important characteristic when assessing sustainability of agricultural practices and is of major international concern. Scientific data indicate that agricultural intensification an...

    Gesine Schütte, Michael Eckerstorfer, Valentina Rastelli, Wolfram Reichenbecher, Sara Restrepo-Vassalli, Marja Ruohonen-Lehto, Anne-Gabrielle Wuest Saucy and Martha Mertens

    Environmental Sciences Europe 2017 29:5

    Published on: 21 January 2017

  3. Review

    Possible health impacts of Bt toxins and residues from spraying with complementary herbicides in genetically engineered soybeans and risk assessment as performed by the European Food Safety Authority EFSA

    MON89788 was the first genetically engineered soybean worldwide to express a Bt toxin. Under the brand name Intacta, Monsanto subsequently engineered a stacked trait soybean using MON89788 and MON87701—this stack...

    Christoph Then and Andreas Bauer-Panskus

    Environmental Sciences Europe 2017 29:1

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  4. Review

    The Seralini affair: degeneration of Science to Re-Science?

    A paper reporting findings relevant to safety of the genetically modified (GM) maize NK603 and the herbicide Roundup (Séralini et al., Food Chem Toxicol. 50:4221–4231, 2012) was retracted against the wishes of...

    John Fagan, Terje Traavik and Thomas Bøhn

    Environmental Sciences Europe 2015 27:19

    Published on: 29 August 2015

  5. Research

    Deconstructing Indian cotton: weather, yields, and suicides

    Cotton with coevolving pests has been grown in India more than 5000 years. Hybrid cotton was introduced in the 1970s with increases in fertilizer and in insecticide use against pink bollworm that caused outbre...

    Andrew Paul Gutierrez, Luigi Ponti, Hans R Herren, Johann Baumgärtner and Peter E Kenmore

    Environmental Sciences Europe 2015 27:12

    Published on: 17 June 2015

  6. Discussion

    No scientific consensus on GMO safety

    A broad community of independent scientific researchers and scholars challenges recent claims of a consensus over the safety of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). In the following joint statement, the clai...

    Angelika Hilbeck, Rosa Binimelis, Nicolas Defarge, Ricarda Steinbrecher, András Székács, Fern Wickson, Michael Antoniou, Philip L Bereano, Ethel Ann Clark, Michael Hansen, Eva Novotny, Jack Heinemann, Hartmut Meyer, Vandana Shiva and Brian Wynne

    Environmental Sciences Europe 2015 27:4

    Published on: 24 January 2015

  7. Research

    Maize pollen deposition in relation to distance from the nearest pollen source under common cultivation - results of 10 years of monitoring (2001 to 2010)

    Information on pollen dispersal is essential for the risk assessment and management of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) such as Bt maize. We analyzed data on maize pollen deposition at 216 sites in German...

    Frieder Hofmann, Mathias Otto and Werner Wosniok

    Environmental Sciences Europe 2014 26:24

    Published on: 17 October 2014

  8. Research

    A controversy re-visited: Is the coccinellid Adalia bipunctata adversely affected by Bt toxins?

    In 2008/2009, Schmidt and colleagues published a study reporting lethal effects of the microbial Bt toxins Cry1Ab and Cry3Bb on the coccinellid biological control organisms Adalia bipunctata. Based on this study,...

    Angelika Hilbeck, Joanna M McMillan, Matthias Meier, Anna Humbel, Juanita Schläpfer-Miller and Miluse Trtikova

    Environmental Sciences Europe 2012 24:10

    Published on: 15 February 2012

  9. Research

    Scrutinizing the current practice of the environmental risk assessment of GM maize applications for cultivation in the EU

    The prevailing controversies on the potential environmental risks of genetically modified organisms [GMOs] still fuel ongoing discussions among European Union [EU] member states, risk assessors, applicants and...

    Marion Dolezel, Marianne Miklau, Angelika Hilbeck, Mathias Otto, Michael Eckerstorfer, Andreas Heissenberger, Beatrix Tappeser and Helmut Gaugitsch

    Environmental Sciences Europe 2011 23:33

    Published on: 3 November 2011

  10. Discussion

    Legal implications of the step-by-step principle

    The 'step-by step' principle was introduced into the European Union legislation on genetically modified organisms as a means to cope with uncertainty about environmental risks from the release of genetically m...

    Caroline von Kries and Gerd Winter

    Environmental Sciences Europe 2011 23:32

    Published on: 21 September 2011

  11. Commentary

    Response to the criticism by Taube et al. in ESE 23:1, 2011, on the booklet "Green Genetic Engineering" published by the German Research Foundation (DFG)

    The authors of the DFG booklet "Green Genetic Engineering" respond to the criticism by Taube et al. in Environmental Sciences Europe 2011, 23:1. The broad criticism on current cropping systems in agriculture is r...

    Inge Broer, Christian Jung, Frank Ordon, Matin Qaim, Barbara Reinhold-Hurek, Uwe Sonnewald and Andreas von Tiedemann

    Environmental Sciences Europe 2011 23:16

    Published on: 15 April 2011

  12. Research

    Setup, efforts and practical experiences of a monitoring program for genetically modified plants - an Austrian case study for oilseed rape and maize

    According to the Directive 2001/18/EC, genetically modified plants [GMPs] have to be monitored for unintended ecological impacts during their release. Detrimental effects on the biodiversity of agro-ecosystems...

    Kathrin Pascher, Dietmar Moser, Stefan Dullinger, Leopold Sachslehner, Patrick Gros, Norbert Sauberer, Andreas Traxler, Georg Grabherr and Thomas Frank

    Environmental Sciences Europe 2011 23:12

    Published on: 14 March 2011

  13. Review

    Genetically modified crops safety assessments: present limits and possible improvements

    We reviewed 19 studies of mammals fed with commercialized genetically modified soybean and maize which represent, per trait and plant, more than 80% of all environmental genetically modified organisms (GMOs) c...

    Gilles-Eric Séralini, Robin Mesnage, Emilie Clair, Steeve Gress, Joël Spiroux de Vendômois and Dominique Cellier

    Environmental Sciences Europe 2011 23:10

    Published on: 1 March 2011

  14. Research

    A modeling assessment of geneflow in smallholder agriculture in West Africa

    Small-scale agriculture is an important issue for food security in Africa. In the context of Genetically Modified Organisms, approaches to quantify geneflow in small-scale systems are widely unexplored. We aim...

    Denis Worlanyo Aheto, Hauke Reuter and Broder Breckling

    Environmental Sciences Europe 2011 23:9

    Published on: 25 February 2011

  15. Research

    A case study of GM maize gene flow in South Africa

    South Africa has been growing first-generation commercial genetically modified (GM) maize since 1997. Despite a requirement for non-GM food, especially for export, there is no system for coexistence of GM and ...

    Chris Viljoen and Lukeshni Chetty

    Environmental Sciences Europe 2011 23:8

    Published on: 24 February 2011

  16. Discussion

    The booklet "Genetically modified crops" published from the German Research Foundation, does not meet the given claim

    In December 2009 the German Research Foundation published the booklet "Grüne Gentechnik" (Genetically modified crops) claiming to give a scientifically well balanced information about GMO's in agriculture. In ...

    Friedhelm Taube, Michael Krawinkel, Andreas Susenbeth and Werner Theobald

    Environmental Sciences Europe 2011 23:1

    Published on: 2 February 2011