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Shaping the Landscape of Climate Services: The International Research Institute for Climate and Society

Edited by: Dr Lisa Goddard

The International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI) is a unique organization that has spearheaded innovation in climate data. Since its formation in the 1990s, IRI has utilized climate science to help anticipate and manage climate risks and opportunities, particularly in developing countries. IRI’s numerous projects include water management in South America, fire early-warning systems in Indonesia, and drought pattern research in the Sahel. IRI’s research is valuable for countries preparing for the challenges of variable and extreme climate compounded with population growth. Goddard et al.'s essay provides an overview of the thematic series and a full table of contents is available.


  1. Essay

    Climate information for humanitarian agencies: some basic principles

    Since 2005, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies and the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre have had an ongoing partnership with the International Research Institute for Clim...

    Erin Coughlan de Perez and Simon J Mason

    Earth Perspectives 2014 1:11

    Published on: 17 June 2014

  2. Research article

    Climate risk management for water in semi–arid regions

    New sources of hydroclimate information based on forecast models and observational data have the potential to greatly improve the management of water resources in semi-arid regions prone to drought. Better man...

    Andrew W Robertson, Walter Baethgen, Paul Block, Upmanu Lall, Arumugam Sankarasubramanian, Francisco de Assis de Souza Filho and Koen M J Verbist

    Earth Perspectives 2014 1:12

    Published on: 17 June 2014

  3. Review

    Meningitis and climate: from science to practice

    Meningococcal meningitis is a climate sensitive infectious disease. The regional extent of the Meningitis Belt in Africa, where the majority of epidemics occur, was originally defined by Lapeysonnie in the 196...

    Carlos Pérez García-Pando, Madeleine C Thomson, Michelle C Stanton, Peter J Diggle, Thomas Hopson, Rajul Pandya, Ron L Miller and Stéphane Hugonnet

    Earth Perspectives 2014 1:14

    Published on: 17 June 2014

  4. Synthesis

    Climate and environmental monitoring for decision making

    As human populations grow, so do the resource demands imposed on ecosystems and the impacts of our global footprint. Natural resources are not invulnerable, nor infinitely available. The environmental impacts ...

    Pietro Ceccato, Katia Fernandes, Daniel Ruiz and Erica Allis

    Earth Perspectives 2014 1:16

    Published on: 17 June 2014

  5. Review

    The role of targeted climate research at the IRI

    Advances in our fundamental understanding of the physical climate system provided the necessary scientific underpinnings for the routine production of reliable seasonal climate forecasts and ultimately, the bi...

    Bradfield Lyon, Alessandra Giannini, Paula Gonzalez and Andrew W Robertson

    Earth Perspectives 2014 1:18

    Published on: 17 June 2014

  6. Research article

    Bridging critical gaps in climate services and applications in africa

    Sound climate risk management requires access to the best available decision-relevant climate information and the ability to use such information effectively. The availability and access of such information an...

    Tufa Dinku, Paul Block, Jessica Sharoff, Kinfe Hailemariam, Daniel Osgood, John del Corral, Rémi Cousin and Madeleine C Thomson

    Earth Perspectives 2014 1:15

    Published on: 17 June 2014

  7. Synthesis

    Climate and health in Africa

    This paper describes the work of the International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI) and its partners towards the development of climate services for the health sector in Africa; integrating res...

    Madeleine C Thomson, Simon Mason, Barbara Platzer, Abere Mihretie, Judy Omumbo, Gilma Mantilla, Pietro Ceccato, Michel Jancloes and Stephen Connor

    Earth Perspectives 2014 1:17

    Published on: 17 June 2014

  8. Research article

    IRI Data Library: enhancing accessibility of climate knowledge

    Climate variability affects a broad swath of socio-economic sectors, and if it increases or the sector becomes overly-tuned to past or present climate conditions, climate variability becomes of increasing conc...

    M Benno Blumenthal, Michael Bell, John del Corral, Rémi Cousin and Igor Khomyakov

    Earth Perspectives 2014 1:19

    Published on: 17 June 2014

  9. Essay

    US Investments in International Climate Research and Applications: reflections on contributions to interdisciplinary climate science and services, development, and adaptation

    Climate variability and change have long posed substantial challenges for social, economic and natural systems throughout the world. Incorporating information about climate fluctuations and their impacts is an...

    Lisa Farrow Vaughan, John Furlow, Wayne Higgins, Claudia Nierenberg and Roger Pulwarty

    Earth Perspectives 2014 1:23

    Published on: 17 June 2014