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The Application of Volcanology Research to Emergency Management

Edited by: Dr Jan Lindsay, Ms Christina Neal, Dr Thomas Wilson, Laura Sandri

This thematic series highlights volcanological research that has been or is being directly applied to emergency management. Topics of interest include:

  • evacuation management in response to volcanic risk
  • volcanology informing critical infrastructure (lifelines) emergency planning or component/network design
  • development and application of volcanic warning systems and hazard message protocols
  • development and application of community outreach programmes
  • analysis of volcanology input to crisis decision making
  • volcanic eruption disaster exercises or simulations
  • case studies of volcanic risk reduction in practice

  1. Research

    Rapid emergency assessment of ash and gas hazard for future eruptions at Santorini Volcano, Greece

    Hazard assessments for long-dormant volcanoes, where information is rarely available, typically have to be made rapidly and in the face of considerable uncertainty and often poor information. A conditional (as...

    S F Jenkins, S Barsotti, T K Hincks, A Neri, J C Phillips, R S J Sparks, T Sheldrake and G Vougioukalakis

    Journal of Applied Volcanology 2015 4:16

    Published on: 27 May 2015

  2. Research

    Training in crisis communication and volcanic eruption forecasting: design and evaluation of an authentic role-play simulation

    We present an interactive, immersive, authentic role-play simulation designed to teach tertiary geoscience students in New Zealand to forecast and mitigate a volcanic crisis. Half of the participating group (i...

    Jacqueline Dohaney, Erik Brogt, Ben Kennedy, Thomas M Wilson and Jan M Lindsay

    Journal of Applied Volcanology 2015 4:12

    Published on: 3 April 2015

  3. Research

    The scientific–community interface over the fifteen-year eruptive episode of Tungurahua Volcano, Ecuador

    The successful handling of Tungurahua’s frequent eruptions during 15 years via permanent instrumental monitoring and good community relations by the Instituto Geofísico of the Escuela Politécnica Nacional (IGE...

    Patricia A Mothes, Hugo A Yepes, Minard L Hall, Patricio A Ramón, Alexander L Steele and Mario C Ruiz

    Journal of Applied Volcanology 2015 4:9

    Published on: 25 February 2015

  4. Research

    Bridging Māori indigenous knowledge and western geosciences to reduce social vulnerability in active volcanic regions

    A new pedagogical methodology is proposed to reduce the social vulnerability of indigenous communities occupying areas subject to volcanic activity, as a potential interactive approach between those communitie...

    Natalia Pardo, Hildalene Wilson, Jonathan N Procter, Erica Lattughi and Taiarahia Black

    Journal of Applied Volcanology 2015 4:5

    Published on: 5 February 2015

  5. Research

    Improvements of volcanic ash fall forecasts issued by the Japan Meteorological Agency

    Since March 2008, the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) has operated a Volcanic Ash Fall Forecast (VAFF) system to issue forecasts of areas in Japan where ash falls are expected following volcanic eruptions. T...

    Yoshihiko Hasegawa, Akira Sugai, Yosuke Hayashi, Yuta Hayashi, Shoji Saito and Toshiki Shimbori

    Journal of Applied Volcanology 2015 4:2

    Published on: 24 January 2015

  6. Research

    Recognizing and tracking volcanic hazards related to non-magmatic unrest: a review

    Eruption forecasting is a major goal in volcanology. Logically, but unfortunately, forecasting hazards related to non-magmatic unrest is too often overshadowed by eruption forecasting, although many volcanoes ...

    Dmitri Rouwet, Laura Sandri, Warner Marzocchi, Joachim Gottsmann, Jacopo Selva, Roberto Tonini and Paolo Papale

    Journal of Applied Volcanology 2014 3:17

    Published on: 6 December 2014

  7. Research

    An analysis of the issuance of volcanic alert levels during volcanic crises

    Volcano Alert Levels (VALs) are used by volcanologists to quickly and simply inform local populations and government authorities of the level of volcanic unrest and eruption likelihood. Most VALs do not explic...

    Annie E G Winson, Fidel Costa, Christopher G Newhall and Gordon Woo

    Journal of Applied Volcanology 2014 3:14

    Published on: 16 September 2014

  8. Research

    Santorini unrest 2011–2012: an immediate Bayesian belief network analysis of eruption scenario probabilities for urgent decision support under uncertainty

    Unrest at the Greek volcanic island of Santorini in 2011–2012 was a cause for unease for some governments, concerned about risks to their nationals on this popular holiday island if an eruption took place. In ...

    Willy P Aspinall and Gordon Woo

    Journal of Applied Volcanology 2014 3:12

    Published on: 10 September 2014

  9. Research

    Risk reduction through community-based monitoring: the vigías of Tungurahua, Ecuador

    Since 2000, a network of volunteers known as vigías has been engaged in community-based volcano monitoring, which involves local citizens in the collection of scientific data, around volcán Tungurahua, Ecuador. T...

    Jonathan Stone, Jenni Barclay, Peter Simmons, Paul D Cole, Susan C Loughlin, Patricio Ramón and Patricia Mothes

    Journal of Applied Volcanology 2014 3:11

    Published on: 16 August 2014

  10. Research

    Volcanic ashfall preparedness poster series: a collaborative process for reducing the vulnerability of critical infrastructure

    Volcanic ashfall can be damaging and disruptive to critical infrastructure including electricity generation, transmission and distribution networks, drinking-water and wastewater treatment plants, roads, airpo...

    Thomas M Wilson, Carol Stewart, Johnny B Wardman, Grant Wilson, David M Johnston, Daniel Hill, Samuel J Hampton, Marlene Villemure, Sara McBride, Graham Leonard, Michele Daly, Natalia Deligne and Lisa Roberts

    Journal of Applied Volcanology 2014 3:10

    Published on: 5 August 2014

  11. Research

    Evacuation planning in the Auckland Volcanic Field, New Zealand: a spatio-temporal approach for emergency management and transportation network decisions

    Auckland is the largest city in New Zealand (pop. 1.5 million) and is situated atop an active monogenetic volcanic field. When volcanic activity next occurs, the most effective means of protecting the people w...

    Erik Tomsen, Jan M Lindsay, Mark Gahegan, Thomas M Wilson and Daniel M Blake

    Journal of Applied Volcanology 2014 3:6

    Published on: 31 March 2014