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Land-Ocean Linkages under the Influence of the Asian Monsoon

The Asian monsoon is a regional phenomenon of global significance. It influences the lives of more than half the world’s population through the hydrological cycle and its variability over time. The Asian monsoon also has a significant impact on the condition of the oceans surrounding Asia through fresh-water discharge, nutrient input, and strong winds. This impact is especially significant in marginal seas because of their high sensitivity.

The Eastern margin of Asia is unique in that a large number of marginal seas were formed as a result of the collision of India with Eurasia at ca. 45 Ma. The collision also caused the uplift of Himalaya and Tibet, which is considered as one of the major causes of the establishment and intensification of the Asian monsoon during the Cenozoic. Thus the origins of the East Asian marginal seas and the Asian monsoon could be interrelated.

IODP has already started to conduct a series of expeditions to drill the Asian margin and marginal seas. Also recent advances in the study of Asian monsoon evolution and variability as well as uplift and erosional history of Himalaya and Tibet are significant.

The articles in this series summarize recent research findings concerning various aspects of land-ocean linkages between terrestrial climate in Asia and the oceanography of its marginal seas, with special attention to the influence of Asian monsoon evolution and variability.

  1. Many micropaleontological studies based on data from on-land sections, oil wells, and deep-sea drilling cores have provided important information about environmental changes in the Japan Sea that are related t...

    Authors: Takuya Itaki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:11
  2. In the densely populated region of East Asia, it is important to know the mechanism, scale, and frequency of heavy precipitation brought about during the monsoons and typhoons. However, observational data, whi...

    Authors: Yoshiaki Suzuki, Ryuji Tada, Kazuyoshi Yamada, Tomohisa Irino, Kana Nagashima, Takeshi Nakagawa and Takayuki Omori
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:5
  3. Uplift of the Himalaya and Tibetan Plateau (HTP) and its linkage with the evolution of the Asian monsoon has been regarded as a typical example of a tectonic–climate linkage. Although this linkage remains unpr...

    Authors: Ryuji Tada, Hongbo Zheng and Peter D. Clift
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:4
  4. Volcanic ash has long been recognized in marine sediment, and given the prevalence of oceanic and continental arc volcanism around the globe in regard to widespread transport of ash, its presence is nearly ubi...

    Authors: Rachel P. Scudder, Richard W. Murray, Julie C. Schindlbeck, Steffen Kutterolf, Folkmar Hauff, Michael B. Underwood, Samantha Gwizd, Rebecca Lauzon and Claire C. McKinley
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:1
  5. We reviewed three sea surface temperature (SST) proxies in the Okinawa Trough (OT): alkenones, planktonic foraminiferal Mg/Ca, and planktonic foraminiferal assemblages. The seasonal and vertical distribution p...

    Authors: Ryoung Ah Kim, Kyung Eun Lee and Si Woong Bae
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:43
  6. In order to interpret the marine clastic record preserved in the sedimentary basins of the East Asian marginal seas, it is important to understand how sediment transport and chemical weathering affect the comp...

    Authors: Mengying He, Hongbo Zheng, Peter D. Clift, Ryuji Tada, Weihua Wu and Chao Luo
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:32
  7. The paired analyses of the Mg/Ca ratio and oxygen isotopic composition (δ 18Oc) of surface-dwelling planktonic foraminifera have become a widely used method for reconstructing the oxygen i...

    Authors: Keiji Horikawa, Tomohiro Kodaira, Jing Zhang and Masafumi Murayama
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:19
  8. The Kuroshio Current is a major western boundary current controlled by the North Pacific Gyre. It brings warm subtropical waters from the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool to Japan exerting a major control on Asian clima...

    Authors: Stephen J. Gallagher, Akihisa Kitamura, Yasufumi Iryu, Takuya Itaki, Itaru Koizumi and Peter W. Hoiles
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:17