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Botulinum toxin A (BTXA) application in dentistry

Guest editor:
Dr. Young-Kyun Kim 
Seoul National University, South Korea

Botulinum toxinWelcome to Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery's thematic series on “Botulinum toxin A (BTXA) application in dentistry."
The series includes invited reviews as well as non-commissioned content on the latest scientific research associated with the topic.


  1. Treatment of temporomandibular disc displacement with reduction is controversial. This study assesses the use of an anterior positioning splint with botulinum toxin in the lateral pterygoid muscle (BTX) for su...

    Authors: Maram Taema, Nouran Abdel Nabi, Samira Ibrahim, Heba Ahmed Kamal and Aala’a Emara
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2021 43:33
  2. The relationship between the lateral deviation of chin and the upper and middle facial third asymmetry is still controversial. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the correlation of upper and middle facia...

    Authors: Hyo-Won CHOI, Bola KIM, Jae-Young KIM, Jong-Ki HUH and Kwang-Ho PARK
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:57
  3. Botulinum toxin (BTX) has various therapeutic indications: bruxism, square jaw, facial wrinkle, oral ulcer and maxillofacial pain, etc. In this paper, we will discuss the effectiveness of using BTX in dental i...

    Authors: Kyung-Hwan Kwon, Kyung Su Shin, Sung Hee Yeon and Dae Gun Kwon
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:45
  4. Botulinum toxin (BTX) is used in various ways such as temporarily resolving muscular problems in musculoskeletal temporomandibular disorders, inducing a decrease in bruxism through a change in muscular pattern...

    Authors: Kyung-Hwan Kwon, Kyung Su Shin, Sung Hee Yeon and Dae Gun Kwon
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:42
  5. The application of botulinum in oral and maxillofacial surgery begins in 1982, where Jan Carruthers started using it for reducing the muscle mass and smoothing the skin, and since then it has been used for cos...

    Authors: Kyung-Hwan Kwon, Kyung Su Shin, Sung Hee Yeon and Dae Gun Kwon
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:38
  6. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of botulinum toxin A (BTX) injection into the anterior belly of the digastric muscle on a growing rat.

    Authors: Janghoon Ahn, Seong-Gon Kim, Min-Keun Kim, Insan Jang and Hyun Seok
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:20
  7. Class II malocclusion patients with hyperdivergent facial types are characterized by short mandibular body lengths and anterior open bite. Accordingly, the treatment for hyperdivergent skeletal class II malocc...

    Authors: Yei-Jin Kang, Bong Kuen Cha, Dong Soon Choi, In San Jang and Seong-Gon Kim
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:17
  8. Botulinum toxin injection on the masticatory muscle induces the osteopenic condition on the ipsilateral condyle. Bisphosphonate suppresses bone resorption and is used to treat osteopenic or osteoporotic condit...

    Authors: Jae-Young Kim, Dae-Hoon Kim, Hyo-Won Jang, Kwang-Ho Park and Jong-Ki Huh
    Citation: Maxillofacial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 2019 41:11