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International CAWSES-II Symposium

Edited by: Mamoru Yamamoto, Kazuo Shiokawa, Takuji Nakamura, Nat Gopalswamy

This special issue presents papers from the International CAWSES-II Symposium (November 18-22, 2013 at Nagoya University, Japan). CAWSES-II (Climate And Weather of the Sun-Earth System II) is an international scientific program sponsored by SCOSTEP (Scientific Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Physics) that continued from 2009 to 2013. The program was established with the aim of significantly enhancing our understanding of the space environment and its impacts on life and society. This special issue covers the six major themes addressed by CAWSES-II.

Publication started: 14 July 2014
Publication finished: 19 February 2016

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  1. Erratum

    Erratum to: The spatial density gradient of galactic cosmic rays and its solar cycle variation observed with the Global Muon Detector Network

    Masayoshi Kozai, Kazuoki Munakata, Chihiro Kato, Takao Kuwabara, John W. Bieber, Paul Evenson, Marlos Rockenbach, Alisson Dal Lago, Nelson J. Schuch, Munetoshi Tokumaru, Marcus L. Duldig, John E. Humble, Ismail Sabbah, Hala K. Al Jassar, Madan M. Sharma and Jozsef Kóta

    Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:38

    Published on: 7 March 2016

    The original article was published in Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:151

  2. Preface

    Special issue “International CAWSES-II Symposium”

    This special issue gathered papers from the International CAWSES-II Symposium (November 18–22, 2013 at Nagoya University, Japan). Climate and Weather of the Sun-Earth System II (CAWSES-II) is an international ...

    Mamoru Yamamoto, Kazuo Shiokawa, Takuji Nakamura and Nat Gopalswamy

    Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:26

    Published on: 19 February 2016

  3. LETTER

    Regional climate pattern during two millennia estimated from annual tree rings of Yaku cedar trees: a hint for solar variability?

    We analyzed trees that have survived on Yaku island (Yakushima) for 2,000 years. Quite surprisingly, the Fourier and wavelet analyses of the annual growth rate identified 2 cycles of periodicities of 11 and (2...

    Yasushi Muraki, Takumi Mitsutani, Shoichi Shibata, Syuichi Kuramata, Kimiaki Masuda and Kentaro Nagaya

    Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:31

    Published on: 27 February 2015

  4. FULL PAPER

    Polarization analysis of VLF/ELF waves observed at subauroral latitudes during the VLF-CHAIN campaign

    Chorus wave emissions are one of the most intense naturally occurring phenomena in the very low (VLF) and extremely low frequency (ELF) ranges. They are believed to be one of the major contributors to accelera...

    Claudia Martinez-Calderon, Kazuo Shiokawa, Yoshizumi Miyoshi, Mitsunori Ozaki, Ian Schofield and Martin Connors

    Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:21

    Published on: 11 February 2015

  5. Letter

    High-midlatitude ionosphere response to major stratospheric warming

    This study investigates the impact of dynamical processes in the neutral atmosphere on the high-midlatitude ionosphere during two sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) events. For this purpose, the reanalysis met...

    Boris G Shpynev, Vladimir I Kurkin, Konstantin G Ratovsky, Marina A Chernigovskaya, Anastasiya Yu Belinskaya, Svetlana A Grigorieva, Alexander E Stepanov, Vasily V Bychkov, Dora Pancheva and Plamen Mukhtarov

    Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:18

    Published on: 11 February 2015

  6. Full paper

    Fast and ultrafast Kelvin wave modulations of the equatorial evening F region vertical drift and spread F development

    In this paper, we investigate the role of eastward and upward propagating fast (FK) and ultrafast Kelvin (UFK) waves in the day-to-day variability of equatorial evening prereversal vertical drift and post suns...

    Mangalathayil A Abdu, Christiano GM Brum, Paulo P Batista, Subramanian Gurubaran, Dora Pancheva, Jose V Bageston, Inez S Batista and Hisao Takahashi

    Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:1

    Published on: 6 January 2015

  7. Full paper

    Long-term variation in the upper atmosphere as seen in the geomagnetic solar quiet daily variation

    Characteristics of long-term variation in the amplitude of solar quiet (Sq) geomagnetic field daily variation have been investigated using 1-h geomagnetic field data obtained from 69 geomagnetic observation st...

    Atsuki Shinbori, Yukinobu Koyama, Masahito Nose, Tomoaki Hori, Yuichi Otsuka and Akiyo Yatagai

    Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:155

    Published on: 11 December 2014

  8. Full paper

    A statistical study of satellite traces and evolution of equatorial spread F

    The ionosonde observations made at 5-min intervals at the Indian dip equatorial station Tirunelveli (8.7°N, 77.8°E geographic; 1.1°N dip latitude) from March 2008 to February 2009 during the extended solar min...

    Viswanathan Lakshmi Narayanan, Sukanta Sau, Subramanian Gurubaran, Kazuo Shiokawa, Nanan Balan, Kaliappan Emperumal and Samireddipalle Sripathi

    Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:160

    Published on: 3 December 2014

  9. Letter

    Methods of analysis of geomagnetic field variations and cosmic ray data

    In the present paper, we propose a wavelet-based method of describing variations in the Earth’s magnetic field, such as the horizontal component of the geomagnetic field, in addition to methods for evaluating ...

    Oksana V Mandrikova, Igor S Solovev and Timur L Zalyaev

    Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:148

    Published on: 21 November 2014

  10. LETTER

    The spatial density gradient of galactic cosmic rays and its solar cycle variation observed with the Global Muon Detector Network

    We derive the long-term variation of the three-dimensional (3D) anisotropy of approximately 60 GV galactic cosmic rays (GCRs) from the data observed with the Global Muon Detector Network (GMDN) on an hourly ba...

    Masayoshi Kozai, Kazuoki Munakata, Chihiro Kato, Takao Kuwabara, John W Bieber, Paul Evenson, Marlos Rockenbach, Alisson Dal Lago, Nelson J Schuch, Munetoshi Tokumaru, Marcus L Duldig, John E Humble, Ismail Sabbah, Hala K Al Jassar, Madan M Sharma and Jozsef Kóta

    Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:151

    Published on: 14 November 2014

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:38

  11. Frontier letter

    Coronal magnetic field and the plasma beta determined from radio and multiple satellite observations

    We derived the coronal magnetic field, plasma density, and temperature from the observation of polarization and intensity of radio thermal free-free emission using the Nobeyama Radioheliograph (NoRH) and extre...

    Kazumasa Iwai, Kiyoto Shibasaki, Satoshi Nozawa, Takuya Takahashi, Shinpei Sawada, Jun Kitagawa, Shun Miyawaki and Hirotaka Kashiwagi

    Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:149

    Published on: 14 November 2014

  12. Letter

    Lidar returns from the upper atmosphere of Kamchatka for 2008 to 2014 observations

    The correlation of lidar returns at a wavelength of 532 nm at altitudes of 150 to 300 km is investigated with the parameters of the night ionospheric F2 layer. Moreover, the role of excited ions of the nitroge...

    Vasily V Bychkov, Yuri А Nepomnyashchiy, Andrey S Perezhogin and Boris M Shevtsov

    Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:150

    Published on: 14 November 2014

  13. Frontier letter

    Correlation between the global occurrences of ionospheric irregularities and deep atmospheric convective clouds in the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ)

    To study the seeding mechanism of ionospheric irregularity occurrences, a correlation study has been carried out between the global monthly/latitudinal (m/l) distributions of irregularity occurrences and the d...

    Shin-Yi Su, Chung Lung Wu and Chao Han Liu

    Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:134

    Published on: 6 November 2014

  14. Letter

    Relationship between the equatorial electrojet and global Sq currents at the dip equator region

    The equatorial electrojet (EEJ) is a strong eastward ionospheric current flowing in a narrow band along the dip equator. In this study, we examined the EEJ-Sq relationship by using observations at six stations...

    Nurul Shazana Abdul Hamid, Huixin Liu, Teiji Uozumi, Kiyohumi Yumoto, Bhaskara Veenadhari, Akimasa Yoshikawa and Jairo Avendaño Sanchez

    Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:146

    Published on: 29 October 2014

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