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International CAWSES-II Symposium

Edited by: Mamoru Yamamoto, Kazuo Shiokawa, Takuji Nakamura, Nat Gopalswamy

This special issue presents papers from the International CAWSES-II Symposium (November 18-22, 2013 at Nagoya University, Japan). CAWSES-II (Climate And Weather of the Sun-Earth System II) is an international scientific program sponsored by SCOSTEP (Scientific Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Physics) that continued from 2009 to 2013. The program was established with the aim of significantly enhancing our understanding of the space environment and its impacts on life and society. This special issue covers the six major themes addressed by CAWSES-II.

Publication started: 14 July 2014
Publication finished: 19 February 2016

  1. Content type: Erratum

    Authors: Masayoshi Kozai, Kazuoki Munakata, Chihiro Kato, Takao Kuwabara, John W. Bieber, Paul Evenson, Marlos Rockenbach, Alisson Dal Lago, Nelson J. Schuch, Munetoshi Tokumaru, Marcus L. Duldig, John E. Humble, Ismail Sabbah, Hala K. Al Jassar, Madan M. Sharma and Jozsef Kóta

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:38

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    The original article was published in Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:151

  2. Content type: Preface

    This special issue gathered papers from the International CAWSES-II Symposium (November 18–22, 2013 at Nagoya University, Japan). Climate and Weather of the Sun-Earth System II (CAWSES-II) is an international ...

    Authors: Mamoru Yamamoto, Kazuo Shiokawa, Takuji Nakamura and Nat Gopalswamy

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:26

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  3. Content type: Full paper

    We investigated the effects of the F region bottomside altitude (h’F), maximum upward E × B drift velocity, duration of pre-reversal enhancement and the integral of upward E × B drift on the latitudinal extension...

    Authors: Prayitno Abadi, Yuichi Otsuka and Takuya Tsugawa

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:74

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  4. Content type: LETTER

    To better understand the acceleration mechanism of high-energy particles that are driven by solar flares, we examined solar neutron signals. We have performed a statistical analysis by reviewing the data colle...

    Authors: Diego Lopez and Yutaka Matsubara

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:54

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  5. Content type: FULL PAPER

    We report the first observation of the disappearance of a plasma bubble over geomagnetically conjugate points. It was observed by airglow imagers at Darwin, Australia (magnetic latitude: −22°N) and Sata, Japan...

    Authors: Kazuo Shiokawa, Yuichi Otsuka, Kenneth JW Lynn, Philip Wilkinson and Takuya Tsugawa

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:43

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  6. Content type: LETTER

    We analyzed trees that have survived on Yaku island (Yakushima) for 2,000 years. Quite surprisingly, the Fourier and wavelet analyses of the annual growth rate identified 2 cycles of periodicities of 11 and (2...

    Authors: Yasushi Muraki, Takumi Mitsutani, Shoichi Shibata, Syuichi Kuramata, Kimiaki Masuda and Kentaro Nagaya

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:31

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  7. Content type: FULL PAPER

    Chorus wave emissions are one of the most intense naturally occurring phenomena in the very low (VLF) and extremely low frequency (ELF) ranges. They are believed to be one of the major contributors to accelera...

    Authors: Claudia Martinez-Calderon, Kazuo Shiokawa, Yoshizumi Miyoshi, Mitsunori Ozaki, Ian Schofield and Martin Connors

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:21

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  8. Content type: Full paper

    In this paper, we investigate the role of eastward and upward propagating fast (FK) and ultrafast Kelvin (UFK) waves in the day-to-day variability of equatorial evening prereversal vertical drift and post suns...

    Authors: Mangalathayil A Abdu, Christiano GM Brum, Paulo P Batista, Subramanian Gurubaran, Dora Pancheva, Jose V Bageston, Inez S Batista and Hisao Takahashi

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:1

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  9. Content type: Full paper

    Characteristics of long-term variation in the amplitude of solar quiet (Sq) geomagnetic field daily variation have been investigated using 1-h geomagnetic field data obtained from 69 geomagnetic observation st...

    Authors: Atsuki Shinbori, Yukinobu Koyama, Masahito Nose, Tomoaki Hori, Yuichi Otsuka and Akiyo Yatagai

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:155

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  10. Content type: Full paper

    The ionosonde observations made at 5-min intervals at the Indian dip equatorial station Tirunelveli (8.7°N, 77.8°E geographic; 1.1°N dip latitude) from March 2008 to February 2009 during the extended solar min...

    Authors: Viswanathan Lakshmi Narayanan, Sukanta Sau, Subramanian Gurubaran, Kazuo Shiokawa, Nanan Balan, Kaliappan Emperumal and Samireddipalle Sripathi

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:160

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  11. Content type: LETTER

    We derive the long-term variation of the three-dimensional (3D) anisotropy of approximately 60 GV galactic cosmic rays (GCRs) from the data observed with the Global Muon Detector Network (GMDN) on an hourly ba...

    Authors: Masayoshi Kozai, Kazuoki Munakata, Chihiro Kato, Takao Kuwabara, John W Bieber, Paul Evenson, Marlos Rockenbach, Alisson Dal Lago, Nelson J Schuch, Munetoshi Tokumaru, Marcus L Duldig, John E Humble, Ismail Sabbah, Hala K Al Jassar, Madan M Sharma and Jozsef Kóta

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:151

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:38

  12. Content type: Frontier letter

    We derived the coronal magnetic field, plasma density, and temperature from the observation of polarization and intensity of radio thermal free-free emission using the Nobeyama Radioheliograph (NoRH) and extre...

    Authors: Kazumasa Iwai, Kiyoto Shibasaki, Satoshi Nozawa, Takuya Takahashi, Shinpei Sawada, Jun Kitagawa, Shun Miyawaki and Hirotaka Kashiwagi

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:149

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  13. Content type: Letter

    The correlation of lidar returns at a wavelength of 532 nm at altitudes of 150 to 300 km is investigated with the parameters of the night ionospheric F2 layer. Moreover, the role of excited ions of the nitroge...

    Authors: Vasily V Bychkov, Yuri А Nepomnyashchiy, Andrey S Perezhogin and Boris M Shevtsov

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:150

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  14. Content type: Frontier letter

    To study the seeding mechanism of ionospheric irregularity occurrences, a correlation study has been carried out between the global monthly/latitudinal (m/l) distributions of irregularity occurrences and the d...

    Authors: Shin-Yi Su, Chung Lung Wu and Chao Han Liu

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:134

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  15. Content type: FULL PAPER

    Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics/Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (TIMED/SABER) temperature measurements at 110 km and between ±50° latitude extending fr...

    Authors: Alexander O Truskowski, Jeffrey M Forbes, Xiaoli Zhang and Scott E Palo

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:136

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  16. Content type: Letter

    The equatorial electrojet (EEJ) is a strong eastward ionospheric current flowing in a narrow band along the dip equator. In this study, we examined the EEJ-Sq relationship by using observations at six stations...

    Authors: Nurul Shazana Abdul Hamid, Huixin Liu, Teiji Uozumi, Kiyohumi Yumoto, Bhaskara Veenadhari, Akimasa Yoshikawa and Jairo Avendaño Sanchez

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:146

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  17. Content type: FULL PAPER

    We investigate possible generation mechanisms of Pc1 pearl structures using multi-point induction magnetometers in Athabasca in Canada, Magadan in Russia, and Moshiri in Japan. We selected two Pc1 pulsations t...

    Authors: Chae-Woo Jun, Kazuo Shiokawa, Martin Connors, Ian Schofield, Igor Poddelsky and Boris Shevtsov

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:140

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  18. Content type: Full paper

    In this study, we combine monthly median values for the F2-layer critical frequency (foF2), measured at Alma-Ata ionosonde station [43.25°N, 76.92°E] between 1000 and 1400 (local time), with historical data on th...

    Authors: Galina I Gordiyenko, Victor V Vodyannikov, Artur F Yakovets and Yuriy G Litvinov

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:125

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  19. Content type: Technical report

    The Interuniversity Upper atmosphere Global Observation NETwork (IUGONET) project is a 6-year research project which started in 2009. The objective of this project is to establish a metadata database of variou...

    Authors: Shuji Abe, Norio Umemura, Yukinobu Koyama, Yoshimasa Tanaka, Manabu Yagi, Akiyo Yatagai, Atsuki Shinbori, Satoru UeNo, Yuka Sato and Naoki Kaneda

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:133

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  20. Content type: Letter

    We plan to observe solar neutrons at Mt. Sierra Negra (4,600 m above sea level) in Mexico using the SciBar detector. This project is named the SciBar Cosmic Ray Telescope (SciCRT). The main aims of the SciCRT ...

    Authors: Yoshinori Sasai, Yuya Nagai, Yoshitaka Itow, Yutaka Matsubara, Takashi Sako, Diego Lopez, Tsukasa Itow, Kazuoki Munakata, Chihiro Kato, Masayoshi Kozai, Takahiro Miyazaki, Shoichi Shibata, Akitoshi Oshima, Hiroshi Kojima, Harufumi Tsuchiya, Kyoko Watanabe…

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:130

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  21. Content type: Full paper

    The effect of including solar cycle 23 in foF2 trend estimation is assessed using experimental values for Slough (51.5°N, 359.4°E) and Kokobunji (35.7°N, 139.5°E), and values obtained from two models: (1) the ...

    Authors: Ana G Elias, Blas F de Haro Barbas, Kiyoto Shibasaki and Jonas R Souza

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:111

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  22. Content type: Full paper

    We report on a study of all major solar eruptions that occurred on the frontside of the Sun during the rise to peak phase of cycle 24 (first 62 months) in order to understand the key factors affecting the occu...

    Authors: Nat Gopalswamy, Hong Xie, Sachiko Akiyama, Pertti A Mäkelä and Seiji Yashiro

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:104

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  23. Content type: Full paper

    The extended Canadian Middle Atmosphere Model (eCMAM) was recently run in a nudged mode using reanalysis data from the ground to 1 hPa for the period of January 1979 to June 2010 (hence the name eCMAM30). In t...

    Authors: Quan Gan, Jian Du, William E Ward, Stephen R Beagley, Victor I Fomichev and Shaodong Zhang

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:103

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  24. Content type: Letter

    Long-term systematic observations of noctilucent clouds in the regions of Moscow (Russia), Vilnius (Lithuania), and La Ronge (Canada) are considered. Variables, describing the seasonal activity of noctilucent ...

    Authors: Nikolay Pertsev, Peter Dalin, Vladimir Perminov, Vitaly Romejko, Audrius Dubietis, Ričardas Balčiunas, Kazimieras Černis and Mark Zalcik

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:98

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  25. Content type: Full paper

    This paper describes a neural network-based model developed to predict geomagnetic storms time K index as measured at a magnetic observatory located in Hermanus (34°25 S; 19°13 E), South Africa. The parameters us...

    Authors: Jean Uwamahoro and John Bosco Habarulema

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:95

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  26. Content type: Full paper

    Comprehensive behavior of the low-latitude upper atmosphere during sudden stratospheric warming (SSW) events at varying levels of solar activity has been investigated. The equatorial electrojet (EEJ) strength ...

    Authors: Fazlul I Laskar, Duggirala Pallamraju and Bhaskara Veenadhari

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:94

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  27. Content type: Letter

    Three-dimensional nonlinear breaking acoustic-gravity waves (AGWs) propagating from the Earth's surface to the upper atmosphere are simulated numerically. Horizontally moving periodical structures of vertical ...

    Authors: Nikolai M Gavrilov and Sergey P Kshevetskii

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:88

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  28. Content type: Full paper

    Global Positioning System radio occultation measurements by FORMOsa SATellite mission-3/Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere and Climate satellites were used to analyse the characteristic...

    Authors: Tilo Fytterer, Christina Arras, Peter Hoffmann and Christoph Jacobi

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:79

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  29. Content type: Full paper

    Results of a superposed epoch (SPE) analysis of occurrence of phase scintillation and cycle slips at high latitudes keyed by arrival times of high-speed solar wind streams (HSS) and interplanetary coronal mass...

    Authors: Paul Prikryl, P Thayyil Jayachandran, Sajan C Mushini and Ian G Richardson

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:62

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