Edited by: Dr. Maarten Arentsen, Ms. Dagmar Fiedler, Dr. Thomas Hoppe, Johan Hurink
Making the transition to smart and green energy is a number one challenge in the European Union. According to the International Energy Agency’s Energy Technology Perspective, energy policy needs to take into account the overall functioning of the energy system in an integrated way, not just on individual technologies. The need for a systemic perspective is also stressed in the academic literature on transitional change and transition management.
Cities and regions in Europe are gaining significance as strategic and operational actors in addressing the smart and green energy challenge. It is in the smaller regional context where new resources, technologies, organisations, and business models are developed and implemented, providing innovative technologies and energy services.