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4th International Congress on Chemistry for Cultural Heritage

New Content ItemScience, and in particular chemistry, plays an increasing important role in the sustainable preservation of our cultural heritage. As such, state-of-the-art analytical instrumentations and methods are continuously improved for the investigation of ancient materials, with the aim of understanding their technologies and degradation process.

This development is reflected by the numerous contributions to the ChemCH conference, a two-year congress organised by EuCheMS, the European Association for Chemical and Molecular Sciences

In July 2016, ChemCH was organised for the fourth time in Brussels, with previous edition in Ravenna in 2010, Istanbul in 2012 and Vienna in 2014. A selection of the most significant contributions of the 2016 edition were compiled in this special issue of Heritage Science.

Editor: Dr Geert van der Snickt

  1. Research article

    Jan Davidsz. de Heem (1606–1684): a technical examination of fruit and flower still lifes combining MA-XRF scanning, cross-section analysis and technical historical sources

    This article discusses the technical examination of five flower and fruit still life paintings by the seventeenth century artist Jan Davidsz. de Heem (1606–1684). The painter is known for his meticulously comp...

    Nouchka De Keyser, Geert Van der Snickt, Annelies Van Loon, Stijn Legrand, Arie Wallert and Koen Janssens

    Heritage Science 2017 5:38

    Published on: 5 September 2017

  2. Research article

    MA-XRF imaging on René Magritte’s La condition humaine: insights into the artist’s palette and technique and the discovery of a third quarter of La pose enchantée

    Magritte’s composition La condition humaine, 1935 was found to conceal under its paint layers an entire quarter of a lost composition by the artist, until recently only known from a small black/white catalogue il...

    Alice Tavares da Silva, Stijn Legrand, Geert Van der Snickt, Rupert Featherstone, Koen Janssens and Giorgia Bottinelli

    Heritage Science 2017 5:37

    Published on: 29 August 2017

  3. Research article

    A high sensitivity, low noise and high spatial resolution multi-band infrared reflectography camera for the study of paintings and works on paper

    Infrared reflectography (IRR) remains an important method to visualize underdrawing and compositional changes in paintings. Older IRR camera systems are being replaced with near-infrared cameras consisting of ...

    John K. Delaney, Giorgio Trumpy, Marie Didier, Paola Ricciardi and Kathryn A. Dooley

    Heritage Science 2017 5:32

    Published on: 8 August 2017

  4. Research article

    Artificial orpiment, a new pigment in Rembrandt’s palette

    This paper reports on how the application of macro X-ray fluorescence (MA-XRF) imaging, in combination with the re-examination of existing paint cross-sections, has led to the discovery of a new pigment in Rem...

    Annelies van Loon, Petria Noble, Anna Krekeler, Geert Van der Snickt, Koen Janssens, Yoshinari Abe, Izumi Nakai and Joris Dik

    Heritage Science 2017 5:26

    Published on: 27 June 2017

  5. Research article

    Application of solid phase microextraction–gas chromatography–mass spectrometry method for the detection of active moulds on historical objects

    The main purpose of these studies was to assess the possibility of applying the technique of solid phase microextraction (SPME)–gas chromatography (GC)–mass spectrometry (MS) to detect the activity of moulds o...

    Tomasz Sawoszczuk and Justyna Syguła-Cholewińska

    Heritage Science 2017 5:20

    Published on: 23 May 2017

  6. Research article

    Van Gogh’s Irises and Roses: the contribution of chemical analyses and imaging to the assessment of color changes in the red lake pigments

    Vincent van Gogh’s still lifes Irises and Roses were investigated to shed light onto the degree to which the paintings had changed, both individually and in relation to each other since they were painted, particu...

    Silvia A. Centeno, Charlotte Hale, Federico Carò, Anna Cesaratto, Nobuko Shibayama, John Delaney, Kathryn Dooley, Geert van der Snickt, Koen Janssens and Susan Alyson Stein

    Heritage Science 2017 5:18

    Published on: 10 May 2017

  7. Research article

    Polyurethane coatings in twentieth century outdoor painted sculptures. Part II: comparative study of four systems by means of Py-GC/MS

    Because PU coatings offer a compromise between aesthetic and performance expectations, unachievable with other types of industrial paints, they are currently recognized as the most appropriate option to coat s...

    Catherine Defeyt, Michael Schilling, Julia Langenbacher, John Escarsega and Rachel Rivenc

    Heritage Science 2017 5:15

    Published on: 12 April 2017

  8. Review

    On the stability of mediaeval inorganic pigments: a literature review of the effect of climate, material selection, biological activity, analysis and conservation treatments

    This review is to be considered part of the development of the MEMORI dosimeter, to evaluate the impact of climate (relative humidity, temperature, illumination, etc., including volatile organic compounds) on ...

    Alessia Coccato, Luc Moens and Peter Vandenabeele

    Heritage Science 2017 5:12

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  9. Research article

    Polyurethane coatings used in twentieth century outdoor painted sculptures. Part I: comparative study of various systems by means of ATR-FTIR spectroscopy

    Like acrylics and alkyds, polyurethanes (PUs) represent an important class of industrial paints adopted by 20th and 21st artists; primarily by those creating outdoor painted sculptures (OPS). Because PU coatin...

    Catherine Defeyt, Julia Langenbacher and Rachel Rivenc

    Heritage Science 2017 5:11

    Published on: 17 March 2017

  10. Research article

    Analyzing chemical changes in verdigris pictorial specimens upon bacteria and fungi biodeterioration using voltammetry of microparticles

    It is reported the application of the voltammetry of microparticles (VMP), complemented with attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) and field emission scanning electron...

    Annette S. Ortiz-Miranda, Antonio Doménech-Carbó, María Teresa Doménech-Carbó, Laura Osete-Cortina, Fernando Bolívar-Galiano and Inés Martín-Sánchez

    Heritage Science 2017 5:8

    Published on: 27 February 2017

  11. Research article

    On-site monitoring of the performance of innovative treatments for marble conservation in architectural heritage

    Innovative nanostructured treatments for stone conservation, based on dispersions of photoactive TiO2 nanoparticles, recently studied in our research group, provided interesting results after laboratory testing. ...

    Francesca Gherardi, Davide Gulotta, Sara Goidanich, Annalisa Colombo and Lucia Toniolo

    Heritage Science 2017 5:4

    Published on: 24 January 2017