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The 2015 Gorkha, Nepal, Earthquake and Himalayan Studies: First Results

Edited by: Hiroe Miyake, Soma Nath Sapkota, Bishal Nath Upreti, Laurent Bollinger, Tomokazu Kobayashi, Hiroshi Takenaka

A devastating earthquake with a moment magnitude of 7.9 struck Nepal on 25 April 2015, resulting in more than 8,000 fatalities. This earthquake has a remarkable seismological feature in that the interplate earthquake occurred just below the inland area, which can offer an invaluable opportunity to deepen our understanding of earthquakes in the collision zone and related disasters. This special issue focuses on multidisciplinary geoscientific research regarding the 2015 Gorkha, Nepal, earthquake and the relevant tectonics along the Indian-Eurasian plate collision zone.

Publication started: 14 December 2015
Publication finished: 6 January 2017

  1. Full Paper

    Establishing a reference rock site for the site effect study in and around the Kathmandu valley, Nepal

    We propose a reference site for the site effect study in and around the Kathmandu valley, Nepal. The used data were the accelerograms recorded at two stations, DMG and KKA, and velocity seismograms co-recorde...

    Mukunda Bhattarai, Lok Bijaya Adhikari, Umesh Prasad Gautam, Laurent Bollinger, Bruno Hernandez, Toshiaki Yokoi and Takumi Hayashida

    Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:81

    Published on: 17 May 2016

  2. Letter

    Joint inversion of teleseismic, geodetic, and near-field waveform datasets for rupture process of the 2015 Gorkha, Nepal, earthquake

    The 2015 Gorkha earthquake and its aftershocks caused severe damage mostly in Nepal, while countries around the Himalayan region were warned for decades about large Himalayan earthquakes and the seismic vulner...

    Hiroaki Kobayashi, Kazuki Koketsu, Hiroe Miyake, Nobuo Takai, Michiko Shigefuji, Mukunda Bhattarai and Soma Nath Sapkota

    Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:66

    Published on: 26 April 2016

  3. Letter

    Analysis of strong ground motions and site effects at Kantipath, Kathmandu, from 2015 Mw 7.8 Gorkha, Nepal, earthquake and its aftershocks

    Strong ground motions from the 2015 Mw 7.8 Gorkha, Nepal, earthquake and its eight aftershocks recorded by a strong-motion seismograph at Kantipath (KATNP), Kathmandu, were analyzed to assess the ground-motion...

    Yadab P. Dhakal, Hisahiko Kubo, Wataru Suzuki, Takashi Kunugi, Shin Aoi and Hiroyuki Fujiwara

    Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:58

    Published on: 12 April 2016

  4. Letter

    Geomorphic features of active faults around the Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, and no evidence of surface rupture associated with the 2015 Gorkha earthquake along the faults

    The M7.8 April 25, 2015, Gorkha earthquake in Nepal was produced by a slip on the low-angle Main Himalayan Thrust, a décollement below the Himalaya that emerges at the surface in the south as the Himalayan Fro...

    Yasuhiro Kumahara, Deepak Chamlagain and Bishal Nath Upreti

    Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:53

    Published on: 2 April 2016

  5. Frontier letter

    Two times lowering of lake water at around 48 and 38 ka, caused by possible earthquakes, recorded in the Paleo-Kathmandu lake, central Nepal Himalaya

    Sedimentary facies and micro-fossil analyses, and AMS14C dating were performed in order to reveal the water-level fall events and draining process of the lake (Paleo-Kathmandu Lake) that existed in the past in t...

    Harutaka Sakai, Rie Fujii, Misa Sugimoto, Ryoko Setoguchi and Mukunda Raj Paudel

    Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:31

    Published on: 27 February 2016

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:122

  6. Letter

    Aftershock activity of the 2015 Gorkha, Nepal, earthquake determined using the Kathmandu strong motion seismographic array

    The characteristics of aftershock activity of the 2015 Gorkha, Nepal, earthquake (Mw 7.8) were evaluated. The mainshock and aftershocks were recorded continuously by the international Kathmandu strong motion s...

    Masayoshi Ichiyanagi, Nobuo Takai, Michiko Shigefuji, Subeg Bijukchhen, Tsutomu Sasatani, Sudhir Rajaure, Megh Raj Dhital and Hiroaki Takahashi

    Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:25

    Published on: 18 February 2016

  7. Full paper

    Ionospheric signatures of the April 25, 2015 Nepal earthquake and the relative role of compression and advection for Doppler sounding of infrasound in the ionosphere

    Ionospheric signatures possibly induced by the Nepal earthquake are investigated far outside the epicentral region in Taiwan (~3700 km distance from the epicenter) and in the Czech Republic (~6300 km distance ...

    Jaroslav Chum, Jann-Yenq Liu, Jan Laštovička, Jiří Fišer, Zbyšek Mošna, Jiří Baše and Yang-Yi Sun

    Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:24

    Published on: 17 February 2016

  8. Letter

    Estimation of the source process of the 2015 Gorkha, Nepal, earthquake and simulation of long-period ground motions in the Kathmandu basin using a one-dimensional basin structure model

    The source rupture process of the 2015 Gorkha, Nepal, earthquake was estimated by the joint kinematic source inversion with near-field waveforms, teleseismic waveforms, and geodetic data. The estimated seismic...

    Hisahiko Kubo, Yadab P. Dhakal, Wataru Suzuki, Takashi Kunugi, Shin Aoi and Hiroyuki Fujiwara

    Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:16

    Published on: 5 February 2016


    SAR interferometry using ALOS-2 PALSAR-2 data for the Mw 7.8 Gorkha, Nepal earthquake

    The Advanced Land Observing Satellite-2 (ALOS-2, “DAICHI-2”) has been observing Nepal with the Phased Array type L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar-2 (PALSAR-2) in response to an emergency request from Sentinel A...

    Ryo Natsuaki, Hiroto Nagai, Takeshi Motohka, Masato Ohki, Manabu Watanabe, Rajesh B. Thapa, Takeo Tadono, Masanobu Shimada and Shinichi Suzuki

    Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:15

    Published on: 1 February 2016

  10. Full paper

    Slip deficit in central Nepal: omen for a repeat of the 1344 AD earthquake?

    In 1255, 1344, and 1408 AD, then again in 1833, 1934, and 2015, large earthquakes, devastated Kathmandu. The 1255 and 1934 surface ruptures have been identified east of the city, along comparable segments of t...

    L. Bollinger, P. Tapponnier, S. N. Sapkota and Y. Klinger

    Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:12

    Published on: 28 January 2016

  11. Letter

    Strong ground motion in the Kathmandu Valley during the 2015 Gorkha, Nepal, earthquake

    On 25 April 2015, a large earthquake of Mw 7.8 occurred along the Main Himalayan Thrust fault in central Nepal. It was caused by a collision of the Indian Plate beneath the Eurasian Plate. The epicenter was ne...

    Nobuo Takai, Michiko Shigefuji, Sudhir Rajaure, Subeg Bijukchhen, Masayoshi Ichiyanagi, Megh Raj Dhital and Tsutomu Sasatani

    Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:10

    Published on: 26 January 2016

  12. Frontier letter

    Detailed crustal deformation and fault rupture of the 2015 Gorkha earthquake, Nepal, revealed from ScanSAR-based interferograms of ALOS-2

    We have successfully detected widely distributed ground displacements for the 2015 Gorkha earthquake by applying a ScanSAR-based interferometry analysis of Advanced Land Observing Satellite 2 (ALOS-2) L-band data...

    Tomokazu Kobayashi, Yu Morishita and Hiroshi Yarai

    Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:201

    Published on: 14 December 2015