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Updates and glimpses on non-infectious and/or immune induced choroiditis

Editors: Carl P. Herbort Jr, MD, PD;  Piergiorgio Neri, MD PhD; Moncef Khairallah, MD, Ilknur Tugal-Tutkun, MD

Exploration of the choroid has become more performing in the last 2-3 decades with the development of powerful imaging methods. In the light of such new precise investigational possibilities the topic of non-infectious / immune mediated  inflammation of the choroid is explored addressing the anatomy and immunology of the choroid, investigational approach of choroiditis and diagnosis, appraisal and therapy of specific choroiditis entities.

  1. Appraisals of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (VKH) have become progressively more complete, since its first description in 1906. The availability of new investigational methods has improved our knowledge of the ...

    Authors: Cristhian A. Urzua, Carl P. Herbort Jr, Masaru Takeuchi, Ariel Schlaen, Luz E. Concha-del-Rio, Yoshihiko Usui, Loreto Cuitino and Ioannis Papasavvas
    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2022 12:17
  2. Systemic vasculitides are a large group of heterogeneous diseases characterized by inflammatory destruction of blood vessels targeting diverse organs and tissues including the eye. As the most vascularized lay...

    Authors: Pınar Çakar Özdal and Ilknur Tugal-Tutkun
    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2022 12:14
  3. Serpiginous-like choroiditis is a rare immune-mediated sub-entity of tubercular uveitis with a usually deleterious outcome. Treatment is still controversial. The purpose in this case series is to indicate that...

    Authors: Ioannis Papasavvas, Bruno Jeannin and Carl P. Herbort Jr
    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2022 12:7
  4. Idiopathic multifocal choroiditis (MFC) is part of the group of choriocapillaritis entities. The clinical definition of the disease has evolved with time. The aim of this article was to undertake a review on M...

    Authors: Ioannis Papasavvas, Piergiorgio Neri, Alessandro Mantovani and Carl P. Herbort Jr
    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2022 12:2
  5. Multiple evanescent white dot syndrome (MEWDS) is a rare inflammatory eye condition affecting the outer retina as a consequence of choriocapillaris non perfusion. The pathophysiology of MEWDS will be discussed...

    Authors: Ioannis Papasavvas, Alessandro Mantovani, Ilknur Tugal-Tutkun and Carl P. Herbort Jr
    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2021 11:45
  6. To provide a comprehensive overview of choroidal involvement in non-infectious posterior scleritis; including different imaging modalities and their clinical usefulness.

    Authors: Sandra Vermeirsch, Ilaria Testi and Carlos Pavesio
    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2021 11:41
  7. Acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE) is a rare inflammatory eye disease, affecting the inner choroid and the outer retina. Recent advances in multimodal imaging have been importan...

    Authors: Ilaria Testi, Sandra Vermeirsch and Carlos Pavesio
    Citation: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection 2021 11:31