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Ionospheric Plasma Bubble Seeding and Development

Ionospheric Equatorial Plasma Bubbles (EPBs) have been the subject of extensive research during the past few decades. The generation, development and temporal and spatial variations of EPBs have been investigated experimentally using a number of different observational techniques and also studied theoretically by numerical simulation. Despite these efforts, there are still many unanswered questions about EPB seeding and development. External forces such as ionospheric gravity waves and solar terminator and/or geomagnetic storms have been considered as possible sources for EPB seeding. Current theories, however, have not been able to explain completely all the observed features in EPB occurrence. The prediction of EPBs, as a part of space weather initiatives, is still a complex subject of investigation.

Edited by: Hisao Takahashi, Fabiano S. Rodrigues and Tatsuhiro Yokoyama

  1. Using 630 nm airglow data observed by an airglow imager on the International Space Station (ISS), the occurrence of equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) is studied. In order to examine the physical mechanisms in t...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Nakata, Akira Takahashi, Toshiaki Takano, Akinori Saito and Takeshi Sakanoi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2018 5:66
  2. An unseasonal development of Equatorial Plasma Bubble (EPB)/Equatorial Spread-F (ESF) activity in a wide longitudinal sector over India and Southeast Asia during the post-sunset hours of 28 July 2014 has been ...

    Authors: K. K. Ajith, S. Tulasi Ram, B. A. Carter, S. Sathish Kumar, M. Yamamoto, T. Yokoyama, S. Gurubaran, S. Sripathi, K. Hozumi, K. Groves and R. G. Caton
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2018 5:60
  3. Occurrences of equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) and medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (MSTIDs) were studied using GPS satellite data-based total electron content mapping, ionograms, and 630 nm al...

    Authors: Hisao Takahashi, Cristiano Max Wrasse, Cosme Alexandre Oliveira Barros Figueiredo, Diego Barros, Mangalathayil Ali Abdu, Yuichi Otsuka and Kazuo Shiokawa
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2018 5:32
  4. This short paper presents the statistics of spread-F occurrence at four low-mid latitude locations (17.0° N, 21.2° N, 26.5° N and 36.5° N mag. lat.) in Japan longitude sector (~ 135° E) in March to April 2002,...

    Authors: N. Balan, T. Maruyama, A. K. Patra and V. L. Narayanan
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2018 5:27
  5. The relationship between day-to-day variability of equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) and the neutral atmosphere is studied. This study is based on the previous study in which the GPS scintillation index and the...

    Authors: Mamoru Yamamoto, Yuichi Otsuka, Hidekatsu Jin and Yasunobu Miyoshi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2018 5:26
  6. According to the so-called upwelling paradigm, development of equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) involves (1) appearance of an upwelling (i.e., local uplift with a zonal width of ~ 400 km) in the bottomside of t...

    Authors: Roland T. Tsunoda, Susumu Saito and Trang T. Nguyen
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2018 5:22
  7. The linear growth rates of the Rayleigh-Taylor (R-T) instability in the ionosphere from 2011 to 2013 were obtained with a whole atmosphere-ionosphere coupled model GAIA (ground-to-topside model of atmosphere a...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Shinagawa, Hidekatsu Jin, Yasunobu Miyoshi, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Tatsuhiro Yokoyama and Yuichi Otsuka
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2018 5:16
  8. Typical equatorial spread-F events are often said to occur during post-sunset, equinox conditions in most longitude sectors. Recent studies, however, have found an unexpected high occurrence of ionospheric F-regi...

    Authors: Fabiano S. Rodrigues, Dustin A. Hickey, Weijia Zhan, Carlos R. Martinis, Bela G. Fejer, Marco A. Milla and Juan F. Arratia
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2018 5:14
  9. Unexpected daytime F-region irregularities following the appearance of an ionospheric hole have been observed over low latitude. The irregularities developed initially above the F-region peak height (~ 360 km)...

    Authors: Guozhu Li, Baiqi Ning, M. A. Abdu, Chi Wang, Yuichi Otsuka, Weixing Wan, Jiuhou Lei, Michi Nishioka, Takuya Tsugawa, Lianhuan Hu, Guotao Yang and Chunxiao Yan
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2018 5:11
  10. This contribution is the first of a two-part investigation into an unseasonal post-sunset equatorial F-region irregularity (EFI) event over the Southeast Asian region on the evening of 28 July 2014. Ground-bas...

    Authors: Brett A. Carter, S. Tulasi Ram, Endawoke Yizengaw, Rezy Pradipta, John Retterer, Robert Norman, Julie Currie, Keith Groves, Ronald Caton, Michael Terkildsen, Tatsuhiro Yokoyama and Kefei Zhang
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2018 5:10