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Multidisciplinary Researches on Deep Interiors of the Earth and Planets

The study of the Earth’s deep interior has naturally focused on the core and lower mantle, which has contributed to the understanding of the history and dynamics of the Earth. Recently, however, its interest has extended to the relationship between surface phenomena and the deep interiors of planets, due to the necessity for understanding the habitability and sustainability of our planet. For convenience, the scientific questions and problems are frequently discussed in 8 categories: 1) the observational approaches to the mantle structures; 2) the dynamics of the mantle; 3) the structure and dynamics at the core-mantle boundary; 4) the composition, state and material properties of the Earth’s deep interior; 5) observational approaches to structure and dynamics of the outer core; 6) theoretical and experimental approaches to the dynamics of the outer core, especially for dynamo; 7) the structure and dynamics of the inner core; 8) the structure and dynamics of other planets. Papers are presented involving the recent progress and future perspectives from multidisciplinary research on deep interiors of the Earth and planets.

  1. Review

    Iron snow, crystal floats, and inner-core growth: modes of core solidification and implications for dynamos in terrestrial planets and moons

    Recent planetary space missions, new experimental data, and advanced numerical techniques have helped to improve our understanding of the deep interiors of the terrestrial planets and moons. In the present rev...

    Doris Breuer, Tina Rueckriemen and Tilman Spohn

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:39

    Published on: 16 November 2015

  2. Review

    Liquid sodium models of the Earth’s core

    Our understanding of the dynamics of the Earth’s core can be advanced by a combination of observation, experiments, and simulations. A crucial aspect of the core is the interplay between the flow of the conduc...

    Matthew M. Adams, Douglas R. Stone, Daniel S. Zimmerman and Daniel P. Lathrop

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:29

    Published on: 17 September 2015

  3. Review

    Towards more realistic core-mantle boundary heat flux patterns: a source of diversity in planetary dynamos

    Mantle control on planetary dynamos is often studied by imposing heterogeneous core-mantle boundary (CMB) heat flux patterns on the outer boundary of numerical dynamo simulations. These patterns typically ente...

    Hagay Amit, Gaël Choblet, Peter Olson, Julien Monteux, Frédéric Deschamps, Benoit Langlais and Gabriel Tobie

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:26

    Published on: 9 September 2015

  4. Research Article

    The competition between Lorentz and Coriolis forces in planetary dynamos

    Fluid motions within planetary cores generate magnetic fields through dynamo action. These core processes are driven by thermo-compositional convection subject to the competing influences of rotation, which te...

    Krista M. Soderlund, Andrey Sheyko, Eric M. King and Jonathan M. Aurnou

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:24

    Published on: 2 September 2015