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NANORESTART: Nanomaterials for the restoration of works of art

Edited by: Piero Baglioni, University of Florence, Italy

New Content ItemNANORESTART (Nanomaterials for the Restoration of Artwork) was an EU funded project involving 27 partners from 11 countries between 2015 and 2018. In this journal we publish selected papers from this project.

The conservation of modern and contemporary works of art requires advanced solutions at the cutting edge of modern chemistry and material science. To meet these requirements, NANORESTART developed nanomaterials to ensure long-term protection and security of modern/contemporary cultural heritage, taking into account environmental and human risks, feasibility and materials costs.  The new tools and materials developed represent a breakthrough in cultural heritage and conservation science and focus on: (i) tools for controlled cleaning, such as highly-retentive gels for the confinement of cleaning fluids based on “green” surfactants and solvents; (ii) the strengthening and protection of surfaces by using nanocontainers, nanoparticles and supramolecular systems/assemblies; (iii) nanostructured substrates and sensors for enhanced molecules detection; (iv) evaluation of the environmental impact and the development of security measures for long lasting conservation of cultural heritage. Within the project the industrial scalability of the developed materials has been demonstrated.

NANORESTART gathers centers of excellence in the field of synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials, world leading chemical Industries and SMEs operating in R&D, and International and European centers for conservation, education and museums. Such centers assessed the new materials on modern/contemporary artifacts in urgent need of conservation, and disseminated the knowledge and the new nanomaterials among conservators on a worldwide perspective.

The new solutions, based on green chemistry, have been used to restore masterpieces by Pablo Picasso, Jackson Pollock, Roy Lichtenstein, Eva Hesse, Giorgio de Chirico, Lucio Fontana, Jean Dubuffet, and others. Extensive dissemination and training on the new products were carried out, both in the EU and worldwide, and some of the project products are already available on the market.


  1. In conservation, adhesives are commonly used for the consolidation of canvases, yet their impact upon the canvas longevity has raised some concerns amongst conservators. As such, this study presents a testing ...

    Authors: Alexandra Bridarolli, Anna Nualart-Torroja, Aurélia Chevalier, Marianne Odlyha and Laurent Bozec

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:52

    Content type: Research article

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  2. The science of oil paint cleaning is an interdisciplinary and challenging field of study due to the complex nature of both paintings and cleaning materials. The topic requires an intimate and iterative collabo...

    Authors: Lambert Baij, Joen Hermans, Bronwyn Ormsby, Petria Noble, Piet Iedema and Katrien Keune

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:43

    Content type: Review

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  3. Aged pressure sensitive tapes (PSTs) can compromise the integrity and readability of drawings and paper artworks. Typically, PSTs on contemporary artifacts are difficult to remove owing to degradation processe...

    Authors: Antonio Mirabile, David Chelazzi, Pamela Ferrari, Costanza Montis, Debora Berti, Nicole Bonelli, Rodorico Giorgi and Piero Baglioni

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:42

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The class of imidazolium salts contains effective anticorrosion additives for metal substrates. This study evaluated the potential of 1-carboxymethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis (trifluoromethylsulfonyl) imide (HO2CC

    Authors: Debora Kelen Silva da Conceição, Kauana Nunes de Almeida, Elsa Nhuch, Maria Grazia Raucci, Chiara Santillo, Martina Salzano de Luna, Luigi Ambrosio, Marino Lavorgna, Chiara Giuliani, Gabriella Di Carlo, Maria Paola Staccioli, Tiago Falcade and Henri Stephan Schrekker

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:40

    Content type: Research article

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  5. This paper describes the methodology and practice-based research underpinning the development of a successful cleaning strategy for Eva Hesse’s sculpture Addendum (1967, Tate Collection T02394). Research strands ...

    Authors: Angelica Bartoletti, Tamar Maor, David Chelazzi, Nicole Bonelli, Piero Baglioni, Lora V. Angelova and Bronwyn A. Ormsby

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:35

    Content type: Research article

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  6. During conservation treatment, consolidants and deacidifying agents can be added to the canvas of a painting to mechanically stabilise it and counteract the acidity that promotes degradation. In this study, ne...

    Authors: Marta Oriola-Folch, Gema Campo-Francés, Anna Nualart-Torroja, Cristina Ruiz-Recasens and Iris Bautista-Morenilla

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:23

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The aim of this study was to develop new, sustainable treatments for the consolidation and conservation of canvas of modern and contemporary art. Because of the diversity of painting types, two product groups ...

    Authors: Nadine Böhme, Manfred Anders, Tobias Reichelt, Katharina Schuhmann, Alexandra Bridarolli and Aurelia Chevalier

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:16

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Roy Lichtenstein’s Whaam! (1963) is an iconic artwork in Tate’s collection (T00897). Over the past 50 years, the painting has been on almost continuous display and had accrued a layer of deposited soiling, which ...

    Authors: Angelica Bartoletti, Rachel Barker, David Chelazzi, Nicole Bonelli, Piero Baglioni, Judith Lee, Lora V. Angelova and Bronwyn Ormsby

    Citation: Heritage Science 2020 8:9

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Heritage Science 2020 8:41

  9. Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) has become an invaluable tool for the identification of colorants in artworks, due to its enhanced sensitivity and ability to quench fluorescence interference compared ...

    Authors: Abeer Alyami, Antonio Mirabile and Daniela Iacopino

    Citation: Heritage Science 2019 7:87

    Content type: Research article

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