Prof. Dr. Arno Müller, University of Leipzig, Germany
The focus of this special issue is on questions around genetic testing/screening, especially in preventive genetic testing as a diagnostic tool to identify hereditary health risks that could have severe consequences if undetected in athletes. However, preventive/diagnostic applications are sometimes hard to distinguish from enhancing measures, especially when we are talking about sports. As a matter of fact, it seems as if sports serves as the ideal playground for genomics in order to test outcomes in real life. The possibilities range from apparently ethically tolerable applications (preventive genetic testing), to ethically unacceptable measures (gene doping).
With this special issue material for future discourse and future policy making (including guidelines and recommendations) in this area is provided.