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Ecological Perspectives on Variable Retention Forestry


Maintaining the biological diversity and ecosystem services of natural forests requires not only the prevention of their conversion to agriculture or plantations, but also the use of specifically chosen harvesting practices. Variable retention forestry (VRF) is based upon the concept of retaining structural elements of the harvested stand for at least the next rotation in order to achieve specific management objectives.

This thematic series aims to cover the outcomes of variable retention management and conservation proposals in natural forests around the world, also incorporating social and economic perspectives. The series includes some long-term research outcomes and studies of large-scale implementation by private and government forest companies.

Edited by:
Guillermo Martínez Pastur, CONICET, Argentina
Per Angelstam, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden
Jerry F. Franklin, University of Washington, USA
Ilkka Vanha-Majamaa, Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), Finland

  1. Content type: Review

    Variable retention harvesting is a silvicultural system that focuses on retaining key elements of stand structure at the time of logging and is increasingly being used worldwide. We describe the design and est...

    Authors: David Lindenmayer, David Blair and Lachlan McBurney

    Citation: Ecological Processes 2019 8:2

    Published on: