Ecological Perspectives on Variable Retention Forestry
Maintaining the biological diversity and ecosystem services of natural forests requires not only the prevention of their conversion to agriculture or plantations, but also the use of specifically chosen harvesting practices. Variable retention forestry (VRF) is based upon the concept of retaining structural elements of the harvested stand for at least the next rotation in order to achieve specific management objectives.
This thematic series aims to cover the outcomes of variable retention management and conservation proposals in natural forests around the world, also incorporating social and economic perspectives. The series includes some long-term research outcomes and studies of large-scale implementation by private and government forest companies.
Guillermo Martínez Pastur, CONICET, Argentina
Per Angelstam, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden
Jerry F. Franklin, University of Washington, USA
Ilkka Vanha-Majamaa, Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), Finland