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Conservation of geoheritage and cultural heritage; properties, weathering processes, damage assessment and non-destructive evaluation

Important natural sites, such as geoparks and geosites, as well as cultural heritage sites made of stones and earthen materials have suffered from weathering and deterioration problems repeatedly. For the purpose of their treatments or conservation, there is ongoing need to approach heritage protection from an interdisciplinary point of view. Recent research has resulted in the significant development of non-destructive and non-invasive techniques, which are widely necessary for the conservation of such sites. There is, however, much ground to cover on this front. 
In this SPEPS special collection, we invite authors to submit reviews and research articles on their innovative study or on new devices, testing methodologies, protocols and data treatments (e.g. digital or 3D documentation). Additionally, this issue welcomes discussions on original research and case studies of documentation, measurement and monitoring techniques, experimental work, predictive models, and damage assessments, which allow better understanding of decay mechanisms, state of deterioration and response to treatments. Interconnections among different research fields will be addressed, such as geomorphology, engineering geology, geoarchaeology, petrophysics, geochemistry and geotechnical engineering, aiming at covering the interdisciplinary field of heritage conservation.

Edited by: Chiaki T. Oguchi, Céline Thomachot-Schneider, Patricia Vazquez, Magdalini Theodoridou 

  1. Morphometric characterisation is particularly relevant in the study of geomorphological heritage. 3D modelling techniques have been proven as very useful tools to recognise, characterise and valorise geomorpho...

    Authors: Miguel Gomez-Heras, Jose A. Ortega-Becerril, Julio Garrote, Rafael Fort and Laura Lopez-Gonzalez
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2019 6:29
  2. This paper demonstrates the application of in situ diagnostic tools to document stone heritage sites prior to conservation interventions using a Medieval ruin of Central Europe (Székesfehérvár, Hungary). The a...

    Authors: Magdalini Theodoridou and Ákos Török
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2019 6:15
  3. In this study, degradation of cultural heritage is discussed based on the comparison between the present shape of the Wareishi Rock Cliff Sculpture and its replica made 30 years ago through simple three-dimens...

    Authors: Nobuaki Kuchitsu, Masayuki Morii, Shuji Sakai and Hiroki Unten
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2019 6:12
  4. Angkor Wat temple, mainly composed of sandstone blocks, displays a type of religious architecture that signifies the worldviews of the Khmer and Hindu religions. The temple is a part of a UNESCO World Heritage...

    Authors: Tetsuya Waragai and Yusuke Hiki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2019 6:10
  5. A laboratory experiment on salt weathering was carried out under changing humidity conditions. Three types of rock (tuff and dense and porous sandstone) with sodium chloride, sodium sulfate, or magnesium sulfa...

    Authors: Masato Sato and Tsuyoshi Hattanji
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2018 5:84
  6. Salt crystallization is a major agent of deterioration in buildings, especially important when belonging to a city’s cultural heritage. The study of this process is therefore essential to understand the decay ...

    Authors: Patricia Vazquez, Lucas Sartor and Céline Thomachot-Schneider
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2018 5:75
  7. As a rule, usually only one face of the building stones of a monument is exposed to climatic variations. Penetration of temperature and humidity stress is unidirectional from the external surface while capilla...

    Authors: Celine Thomachot-Schneider, Emilie Huby, Kevin Chalons, Xavier Drothière and Patricia Vazquez
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2018 5:72