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Electrical Engineering

Open Access Journals in Electrical Engineering - SpringerOpen

Our open access journals in Electrical Engineering cover topics such as power systems, smart grids, photovoltaics, signal processing, or nano- and microelectronics - to name a few. Publishing with SpringerOpen makes your work freely available online for everyone, immediately upon publication, and our high-level peer-review and production processes guarantee the quality and reliability of the work.

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Article Collections - Electrical Engineering

Nano- and Microelectronics

A novel method for formation of single crystalline tungsten nanotip - Micro and Nano Systems LettersA novel method for formation of single crystalline tungsten nanotip


A point electron source is desired to improve performance of high brightness electron beam instruments. It is valuable to create nano-sized tungsten (W) tip from sharp ordinary polycrystalline W needle. The...


Shigeki Hayashi, Masashi Ono, Shinya Tomonaga and Haruka Nakanishi

Micro and Nano Systems Letters

Nanogenerators for Self-Powered Gas SensingNanogenerators for Self-Powered Gas Sensing - Nano-Micro Letters


Since 2006, Zhong Lin Wang’s group has proposed a novel concept of nanogenerators (NGs), including piezoelectric nanogenerator and triboelectric nanogenerator, which could convert...


Zhen Wen, Qingqing Shen, Xuhui Sun

Nano-Micro Letters

Inorganic and Organic Solution-Processed Thin Film Devices - Nano-Micro LettersInorganic and Organic Solution-Processed Thin Film Devices


Thin films and thin film devices have a ubiquitous presence in numerous conventional and emerging technologies. This is because of the recent advances in nanotechnology, the development of functional and smart...


Morteza Eslamian

Nano-Micro Letters

Determination of precise crystallographic directions for mask alignment in wet bulk micromachining for MEMSDetermination of precise crystallographic directions for mask alignment in wet bulk micromachining for MEMS


In wet bulk micromachining, the etching characteristics are orientation dependent. As a result, prolonged etching of mask openings of any geometric shape on both Si{100} and Si{110} wafers results in a...


Sajal Sagar Singh, Prem Pal, Ashok Kumar Pandey, Yan Xing and Kazuo Sato

Micro and Nano Systems Letters

Fast Growth of Highly Ordered TiO2 Nanotube Arrays on Si Substrate under High-Field Anodization - Nano-Micro LettersFast Growth of Highly Ordered TiO2 Nanotube Arrays on Si Substrate under High-Field Anodization


Highly ordered TiO2 nanotube arrays (NTAs) on Si substrate possess broad applications due to its high surface-to-volume ratio and novel functionalities, however, there are still some challenges on facile...


Jingnan Song, Maojun Zheng, Bin Zhang, Qiang Li, Faze Wang, Liguo Ma, Yanbo Li, Changqing Zhu, Li Ma, Wenzhong Shen

Nano-Micro Letters


Laminar flow assisted anisotropic bacteria absorption for chemotaxis delivery of bacteria-attachedLaminar flow assisted anisotropic bacteria absorption for chemotaxis delivery of bacteria-attached microparticle


The concepts of microrobots has been drawn significant attentions recently since its unprecedented applicability in nanotechnology and biomedical field. Bacteria attached microparticles presented in this work...


Keon Huh, Darong Oh, Seok Young Son, Hyung Jung Yoo, Byeonghwa Song, Dong-il Dan Cho, Jong-Mo Seo and Sung Jae Kim

Micro and Nano Systems Letters


Resistive Switching Memory of TiO2 Nanowire Networks Grown on Ti Foil by a Single Hydrothermal Method - Nano-Micro LettersResistive Switching Memory of TiO2 Nanowire Networks Grown on Ti Foil by a Single Hydrothermal Method

The resistive switching characteristics of TiO2 nanowire networks directly grown on Ti foil by a single-step hydrothermal technique are discussed in this paper. The Ti foil serves as the supply of Ti atoms for...


Ming Xiao, Kevin P. Musselman, Walter W. Duley, Norman Y. Zhou

Nano-Micro Letters

Manipulation of cells’ position across a microfluidic channel using a series of continuously varying herringboneManipulation of cells’ position across a microfluidic channel using a series of continuously varying herringbone structures


Controlling cells’ movement is an important technique in biological analysis that is performed within a microfluidic system. Many external forces are utilized for manipulation of cells, including their position...


Yugyung Jung, Ji-chul Hyun, Jongchan Choi, Arslan Atajanov and Sung Yang

Micro and Nano Systems Letters

Investigation on the Formation Mechanism of Double-Layer Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube Arrays viaInvestigation on the Formation Mechanism of Double-Layer Vertically Aligned Carbon Nanotube Arrays via Single-Step Chemical Vapour Deposition


The mechanism for the formation of double-layer vertically aligned carbon nanotube arrays (VACNTs) through single-step CVD growth is investigated. The evolution of the structures and defect concentration of...


Shoumo Zhang, Deli Peng, Huanhuan Xie, Quanshui Zheng, Yingying Zhang

Nano-Micro Letters

Photovoltaics / Solar Cells 

Comparison of Nanohole-Type and Nanopillar-Type Patterned Metallic Electrodes Incorporated in Organic Solar CellsComparison of Nanohole-Type and Nanopillar-Type Patterned Metallic Electrodes Incorporated in Organic Solar Cells

Both the nanohole- and nanopillar-type patterned metallic electrodes (PMEs) have been introduced in organic solar cells (OSCs) for improving device performances experimentally, but there is few work addressing...


Wenyan Wang, Yanxia Cui, Kin Hung Fung, Ye Zhang, Ting Ji and Yuying Hao

Nanoscale Research Letters

Colloidal quantum dot based solar cells: from materials to devicesColloidal quantum dot based solar cells: from materials to devices


Colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) have attracted attention as a next-generation of photovoltaics (PVs) capable of a tunable band gap and low-cost solution process.  Understanding and controlling the surface of CQDs...


Jung Hoon Song and Sohee Jeong

Nano Convergence

5-nm LiF as an Efficient Cathode Buffer Layer in Polymer Solar Cells Through Simply Introducing a C60 Interlayer5-nm LiF as an Efficient Cathode Buffer Layer in Polymer Solar Cells Through Simply Introducing a C60 Interlayer

Lithium fluoride (LiF) is an efficient and widely used cathode buffer layer (CBL) in bulk heterojunction polymer solar cells (PSCs). The LiF thickness is normally limited to 1 nm due to its insulting property....


Xiaodong Liu, L. Jay Guo and Yonghao Zheng

Nanoscale Research Letters

Lead-free perovskite solar cells using Sb and Bi-based A3B2X9 and A3BX6 crystals with normal and inverse cell structuresLead-free perovskite solar cells using Sb and Bi-based A3B2X9 and A3BX6 crystals with normal and inverse cell structures


Research of CH3NH3PbI3 perovskite solar cells had significant attention as the candidate of new future energy. Due to the toxicity...


Ajay Kumar Baranwal, Hideaki Masutani, Hidetaka Sugita, Hiroyuki Kanda, Shusaku Kanaya, Naoyuki Shibayama, Yoshitaka Sanehira, Masashi Ikegami, Youhei Numata, Kouji Yamada, Tsutomu Miyasaka, Tomokazu Umeyama, Hiroshi Imahori and Seigo Ito

Nano Convergence


Optimization of photovoltaic power system: a comparative studyOptimization of photovoltaic power system: a comparative study


This paper presents a comparative study of P&O, fuzzy P&O and BPSO fuzzy P&O control methods by using MATLAB software for optimizing the power output of the solar PV grid array. The voltage, power output and...


Vishal Dabra, Krishan Kumar Paliwal, Pardeep Sharma and Narender Kumar

Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems

Signal Processing

Efficient music identification using ORB descriptors of the spectrogram imageEfficient music identification using ORB descriptors of the spectrogram image


Audio fingerprinting has been an active research field typically used for music identification. Robust audio fingerprinting technology is used to successfully perform content-based audio identification regardless of the audio signal...


Dominic Williams, Akash Pooransingh, Jesse Saitoo

EURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing


Heart rate spectrum analysis for sleep quality detectionHeart rate spectrum analysis for sleep quality detection


To evaluate the quality of sleep, it is important to determine how much time was spent in each sleep stage during the night. The gold standard in this domain is an overnight polysomnography (PSG). But the recording of the necessary electrophysiological signals...


Wilhelm Daniel Scherz, Daniel Fritz, Oana Ramona Velicu, Ralf Seepold and Natividad Martínez Madrid

EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems

A novel approach to protect against phishing attacks at client side using auto-updated white-listA novel approach to protect against phishing attacks at client side using auto-updated white-list


Most of the anti-phishing solutions are having two major limitations; the first is the need of a fast access time for a real-time environment and the second is the need of high detection rate. Black-list-based...


Ankit Kumar Jain and B. B. Gupta

EURASIP Journal on Information Security


Human tracking over camera networks: a reviewHuman tracking over camera networks: a review


In recent years, automated human tracking over camera networks is getting essential for video surveillance. The tasks of tracking human over camera networks are not only inherently challenging due to changing...


Li Hou, Wanggen Wan, Jenq-Neng Hwang, Rizwan Muhammad, Mingyang Yang and Kang Han

EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing

Noise-resistant network: a deep-learning method for face recognition under noiseNoise-resistant network: a deep-learning method for face recognition under noise


Along with the developments of deep learning, many recent architectures have been proposed for face recognition and even get close to human performance. However, accurately recognizing an identity from serious...


Yuanyuan Ding, Yongbo Cheng, Xiaoliu Cheng, Baoqing Li, Xing You and Xiaobing Yuan

EURASIP Journal on Image and Video Processing

Battery aging-aware energy management of green small cells powered by the smart gridBattery aging-aware energy management of green small cells powered by the smart grid


Mobile operators are deploying energy-harvesting heterogeneous networks due to their foreseen advantages such as self-sustainable capability and reduced operating expenditure, which cannot be offered by by conventional grid powered communications...


Mouhcine Mendil, Antonio De Domenico, Vincent Heiries, Raphael Caire and Nouredine Hadjsaid

EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking

RF power harvesting: a review on designing methodologies and applications - Micro and Nano Systems LettersRF power harvesting: a review on designing methodologies and applications


Wireless power transmission was conceptualized nearly a century ago. Certain achievements made to date have made power harvesting a reality, capable of providing alternative sources of energy. This review...


Le-Giang Tran, Hyouk-Kyu Cha and Woo-Tae Park

Micro and Nano Systems Letters

Power Systems

Improving the performance of power system protection using wide area monitoring systemsImproving the performance of power system protection using wide area monitoring systems


Wide area monitoring (WAM) offers many opportunities to improve the performance of power system protection. This paper presents some of these opportunities and the motivation for their development. This method...


Arun G. PHADKE, Peter WALL, Lei DING, Vladimir TERZIJA

Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy


Modeling methodology and fault simulation of distribution networks integrated with inverter-based DGModeling methodology and fault simulation of distribution networks integrated with inverter-based DG


The increasing penetration of inverter-based distributed generations (DGs) significantly affects the fault characteristics of distribution networks. Fault analysis is a keystone for suitable protection scheme...


Longchang Wang, Houlei Gao and Guibin Zou

Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems

Droop control method for load share and voltage regulation in high-voltage microgridsDroop control method for load share and voltage regulation in high-voltage microgrids


When the line impedance is considered in the microgrid, the accuracy of load sharing will decrease. In this paper, the impact of line impedance on the accuracy of load sharing is analyzed. A robust droop control for a high-voltage microgrid...


Zhikang SHUAI, Shanglin MO, Jun WANG, Z. John SHEN, Wei TIAN, Yan FENG

Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy

Active-reactive scheduling of active distribution system considering interactive load and battery storageActive-reactive scheduling of active distribution system considering interactive load and battery storage


Distributed generation (DG) are critical components for active distribution system (ADS). However, this may be a serious impact on power system due to their volatility. To this problem, interactive load and...


Qixin Chen, Xiangyu Zhao and Dahua Gan

Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems

Overview of power quality analysis and control technology for the smart gridOverview of power quality analysis and control technology for the smart grid


With the wide application of non-linear loads and the large-scale access of distributed energy generations based on power electronics equipments, power quality problems in the distribution network are increasingly...


An LUO, Qianming XU, Fujun MA, Yandong CHEN

Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy

An adaptive supervised wide-area backup protection scheme for transmission lines protectionAn adaptive supervised wide-area backup protection scheme for transmission lines protection


Maloperation of conventional relays is becoming prevalent due to ever increase in complexity of conventional power grids. They are dominant during power system contingencies like power swing, load encroachment...


B. Mallikarjuna, P. V. Vardhan Varma, S. D. Samir, M. Jaya Bharata Reddy and D. K. Mohanta

Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems

Challenges and progresses of energy storage technology and its application in power systemsChallenges and progresses of energy storage technology and its application in power systems


As a flexible power source, energy storage has many potential applications in renewable energy generation grid integration, power transmission and distribution, distributed generation, micro grid and ancillary..

Liangzhong YAO, Bo YANG, Hongfen CUI, Jun ZHUANG, Jilei YE, Jinhua XUE

Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy

Power system restoration: a literature review from 2006 to 2016Power system restoration: a literature review from 2006 to 2016


Power system restoration has attracted more attention and made great progress recently. Research progress of the power system restoration from 2006 to 2016 is reviewed in this paper, including black-start, network reconfiguration and load restoration...


Yutian LIU, Rui FAN, Vladimir TERZIJA

Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy

Protection coordination in distribution systems with and without distributed energy resources- a reviewProtection coordination in distribution systems with and without distributed energy resources- a review


Emission of greenhouse gases and depletion of fossil fuel reserves are two key drivers, which are forcing the mankind to generate the future energy demand from the renewable energy resources. These resources a...


Manohar Singh

Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems

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